Hair loss in children is not prevalent, although the causes may differ from those of adult-onset baldness. A scalp disease is a common cause of hair loss in youngsters. Many of the reasons aren’t life-threatening or harmful in any way. Even yet, a child’s emotional well-being might be harmed by hair loss. It’s difficult enough to become bald as an adult.
Hair loss, or alopecia, is a common complaint in dermatology clinics. It can be caused by a variety of illnesses, each with its diagnosis. Androgenetic alopecia is by far the most frequent kind of hair loss in adults. Physicians see a lot of individuals with other types of alopecia.
Similarly, hair loss is a prevalent concern among children, although the patterns differ from those found in adults. Furthermore, this issue is of particular significance in the pediatric population. It is linked to more serious psychological repercussions in this age range.
It’s essential to contact a doctor for treatment since hair loss can have a significant psychological impact on children.
Alopecia, or hair loss, is not simply a concern for adults. Hair loss can be scary for your kid, whether he or she has thinning hair or definite bald areas. The good news is that most cases of hair loss may be effectively treated with the correct diagnosis.
Children’s hair loss might take on distinct patterns than adult hair loss. Adults, for example, are more likely to develop androgenetic alopecia or pattern baldness. Fungal or bacterial infections, telogen effluvium (stress-related hair loss), and traction alopecia are all prevalent causes in youngsters.
However, scalp ringworm, a curable fungal infection, is the most prevalent cause of hair loss in youngsters. Most reasons for hair loss may be treated and commonly reversed by doctors.
Causes For Hair Loss In Children.
When children share personal objects like combs and caps, the scalp infection spreads. It’s also known as scalp ringworm, even though it’s caused by a fungus. Because ringworm is contagious, your kid should avoid sharing hats, pillow covers, hair clippers, or brushes that come into contact with the head.
Tinea capitis causes patches of hair loss with black spots when the hair is split off in children. Their skin may become scaly, rough, and red. Other symptoms include fever and swollen glands.
Tinea capitis can be diagnosed by looking at your child’s scalp. To confirm the diagnosis, the doctor may scrape a small bit of contaminated skin and send it to a lab. Tinea capitis is treated with an antifungal medication that is administered orally for eight weeks. Your kid will not transmit the infection if you use an antifungal shampoo in conjunction with oral medicine.
Trichotillomania is a condition in which children pull their hair out excessively. It’s classified as an obsessive-compulsive condition by experts. As a kind of release, some children pull their hair. Others aren’t even aware that they’re doing it.
Patchy regions of lost and broken hair will appear in children with this disorder. Some kids ingest the hair they pull out, resulting in large balls of undigested hair in their stomachs.
When youngsters stop plucking off their hair, it will regrow. Hair pulling is taught to children through cognitive behavioral therapy. This treatment aids them in comprehending the feelings that cause the conduct so that they may put a stop to it.
Alopecia areata is a non-contagious hair loss syndrome caused by the immune system attacking the hair follicles. The abrupt emergence of round or oval patches of hair loss characterizes this condition. Scaling and damaged hairs are absent from the patches, which are sleek or smooth. Pitting and ridging of the nails affect about 25% of youngsters.
While there is no cure for alopecia areata, therapy can help some children manage their symptoms. Many people regain their hair within a year, but regrowth is erratic, and many people will lose hair again.
Alopecia totalis, or the complete loss of all hair on the scalp, affects roughly 5% of children. Some of them will develop alopecia Universalis, which is a complete loss of hair.
Strong corticosteroid ointments or creams given to the bald regions are the mainstay of therapy for younger children. Steroid injections into the scalp may be tolerated by teenagers who are sufficiently driven to regain their hair.
Minoxidil (Rogaine) is frequently used in conjunction with topical steroid therapy. Anthralin, which is administered to the skin for a brief period before being rinsed off, can also be utilized.
After physical or emotional stress, telogen effluvium is a kind of transient hair loss.
Hair develops at a regular rate in healthy people. A single strand of hair can grow for 2–6 years. This is the anagen stage of the process. The hair then enters a resting phase known as the telogen phase. Before the hair falls out and new hair grows in, this phase lasts 2–4 months.
At any given moment, 80–90 percent of hairs in healthy hair are actively developing. Telogen effluvium occurs when something causes an abnormally large number of hairs to enter and remain in the telogen phase.
Physical trauma, mental stress, fever or infection, surgery under general anesthesia, and various drugs, such as acne therapy, are all possible causes of telogen effluvium.
Hair Shaft Trauma.
Hair shaft trauma, or physical stress to the hair, is a major cause of hair loss in youngsters. The consistent tugging of the hair (for example, tight ponytails or braids), severe friction (such as rubbing against a pillow or wheelchair), or chemical burns to the hair shaft can all cause hair shaft stress. It can also happen in youngsters with trichotillomania.
It is a psychiatric disorder that leads people to pull their hair out constantly. If your child’s doctor detects hair shaft damage, he will investigate the cause. Hair normally regrows if the source of hair shaft stress is discovered and treated. However, hair shaft stress can sometimes last long enough to induce scarring, and hair may not regrow.
Hypothyroidism, a disorder in which the thyroid is underactive and produces inadequate amounts of thyroid hormones essential for metabolic regulation, is the cause of hair loss in certain children.
A blood test is used to diagnose hypothyroidism. The endocrinologist may recommend medicine to restore insufficient hormones, but this will depend on a variety of circumstances.
Deficiency in vitamins and minerals.
For a healthy body, proper nourishment is crucial. Hair loss can occur in children who do not receive enough vitamins, minerals, or protein. It is a symptom of eating disorders such as anorexia and bulimia. It is as well as a side effect of a vegetarian or vegan diet that is low in protein.
Lack of certain nutrients also causes hair loss. Lack of nutrients such as protein and amino acids, iron, zinc, niacin, biotin causes hair loss. Too much vitamin A can also cause hair loss. To compensate for the nutritional deficiency, your child’s pediatrician may recommend a healthy eating plan or prescribe a supplement.
Injury to the scalp.
The scalp injury damages the hair follicles, such as a burn or a heavy blow to the head. This might result in considerable hair loss at the injury location. Hair should regenerate when the damage heals.
Untreated scalp injuries can harm underlying tissues and potentially result in permanent hair loss if not addressed quickly.
Hair loss is a side effect of chemotherapy treatment for children. Chemotherapy is a powerful drug that destroys rapidly dividing cells throughout the body, including those in the hair roots. Your child’s hair should regrow when the therapy is completed.
Haircare practices differ depending on whether the hair belongs to youngsters or adults. Due to the fragility of children’s hair strands, more caution should be exercised. Hair loss in children can be caused by a variety of non-medical factors, including:
- Hair tied back into ponytails and braids.
- When you use a blow dryer too much, it dries out your hair and causes it to fall out.
- When your hair is still damp, combing it is a good idea.
- Using a comb with small teeth.
- As a result of rubbing a child’s head against the walls, the vehicle seat, or a bead as part of playing or having fun, bald patches may develop.
- Traction alopecia, often known as hair abuse, is the result of hair damage induced by modern treatments such as bleaching, straightening, curling, and braiding.
- Stress, deprived health circumstances, dehydration, anemia, excessive dieting, and emotional trauma are among the other causes. Parents are encouraged to handle their children with care and seek treatment from a doctor or therapist.
This family heirloom has been passed down through the centuries. It is quite beneficial in producing good hair in your child. Its high Vitamin C concentration might assist your infant to overcome a vitamin shortage. Hair loss can also be caused by a deficiency in Vitamin C in your child’s body.
1 tablespoon lemon juice, 1 tablespoon Indian gooseberry pulp
- Combine them thoroughly.
- Gently yet completely massage the mixture into your baby’s scalp.
- Set aside for the night (You can let your baby wear a shower cap)
- The next morning, shampoo and condition.
The anti-inflammatory properties of this fruit can also help your baby’s scalp stay healthy.
Apple Cider Vinegar.
Apple cider vinegar can help your child develop hair by restoring an alkaline balance in his or her body. Mix 2-3 tablespoons of it with 2 quarts of water and 1 teaspoon of honey once a day for optimal benefits.
Shake the mixture well and urge your youngster to drink it throughout the day – or all at once if that’s his or her preference.
You may also make a hair rinse for your child by combining one cup of water with two teaspoons of apple cider vinegar. Fill a bottle with the mixture and rub it through your child’s hair. Then thoroughly rinse it.
It’s important not to get any of the mixtures in your child’s eyes since it stings.
This is another efficient home cure for children’s hair loss. The hormones in the seeds aid in the regrowth of your baby’s hair follicles. This promotes hair growth.
Nicotinic acid and proteins are also found in fenugreek seeds. These are necessary for promoting your baby’s hair development.
- Take a cup of fenugreek seeds and put them in a blender.
- Soak them in water overnight.
- Make a paste using the soaked seeds the next morning.
- Make a paste with this paste and apply it to your child’s hair.
- Wear a shower hat to keep his or her head covered.
- Rinse the hair with cold or lukewarm water after 40 minutes.
To get the greatest results, use this at-home treatment every day for a month.
In research, the lavender essential oil has been proven to delay and maybe reverse the symptoms of alopecia. You may use the essential oil to massage your child’s scalp regularly.
Because the essential oil is so strong, you’ll want to dilute it in a base oil like coconut or almond oil before applying it to your child’s scalp. To improve blood flow to your child’s hair follicles, mix the lavender essential oil with additional essential oils like peppermint, sage, and rosemary.
Onion juice has been demonstrated in studies to be effective in reducing hair loss in children. Many people claim that applying onion juice to the scalp can result in substantial hair regrowth.
This is mostly due to the onion’s high sulfur content. This aids in the circulation of blood to your child’s hair follicles. It also helps to keep your baby’s scalp from becoming inflamed.
Onion juice also contains beneficial antibacterial properties. These aid in the elimination of parasites and germs that might cause infections in your child’s scalp. This, in turn, aids in the prevention of hair loss.
- Combine two tablespoons of aloe vera gel and three tablespoons of onion juice in a blender.
- You may also add a tablespoon of olive oil to the mix.
- Apply this mixture to your baby’s head.
- Allow the mixture to sit for at least half an hour.
- Rinse and shampoo your child’s hair to remove the mixture.
Coconut milk, like coconut oil, is beneficial in the treatment of hair loss in youngsters. It’s high in protein and vital lipids. These are excellent for reducing hair loss in children. Coconut milk is also useful for supporting healthy hair growth in children.
This home cure is simple to administer and yields immediate effects. It offers a lot of advantages when applied to your baby’s hair. Coconut milk is simple to make at home. Here’s how to do it:
- In a pan of water, add freshly shredded coconut.
- Allow for a five-minute simmer.
- Allow the mixture to cool after straining it.
- Apply the cooled mixture thoroughly to your baby’s scalp and hair.
- Leave for around 20 minutes.
- Use a gentle shampoo on your baby’s hair.
Add some powdered fenugreek seeds and black pepper to the coconut milk to make the home treatment even more effective.